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Anti Money Laundering

Anti-Money Laundering (AML)

In an effort to monitor the illegal funds, Federal Law No 20 of 2018 was introduced in the United Arab Emirates on Anti-Money Laundering for combating the financing of terrorism and financing of illegal organizations.

Anti Money Laundering (AML) is the execution of transactions to eventually convert illegally obtained money into legal money. AML legislation is becoming increasingly strict for financial service providers. They must be prevented from financing money laundering and / or terrorism.

The Anti-Money Laundering and Combating the Financing of Terrorism Supervision Department (AMLD) under the Central bank of UAE (CBUAE) enforces the UAE anti-money laundering laws and regulations and AML/CFT Guidelines 2021.

The purpose of the AML rules is to help detect and report suspicious activity including the predicate offenses to money laundering and terrorist financing, such as securities fraud and market manipulation.

The regulatory Authorities under the AML set up are:

  • Ministry of Economy
  • The Central Bank of the United Arab Emirates
  • Securities and Commodities Authority
  • Ministry of Justice
  • Insurance Authority
  • Dubai Financial Services Authority
  • Financial Services Regulator Authority in Abu Dhabi Global Market

The law has enforced great responsibilities on Designated Non- Financial Businesses and Professions to help combat money laundering (DNFBP). DNFBP includes

  • Brokers and real estate agents
  • Dealers in precious metals and precious stones
  • Securities and Commodities Authority
  • Lawyers, notaries, and other independent legal professionals and independent accountants
  • Providers of corporate services and trusts
  • Other professions and activities which shall be determined by a decision of the Minister

Responsibilities of DNFBP

Few of the many responsibilities of DNFBP are as follows:

  • Keep appropriate updated records to identify individuals and entities designated by the Cabinet.
  • Conduct screening on existing and new clients
  • Ensure compliance with requirements of freezing of funds under the UNSC list or local list
  • Appointing a compliance officer